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Contraception choices

implantImplant

The implant is a small, 40mm flexible bar inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It releases the hormone progestrogen. It's over 99% effective.

Advantages: It’s a quick, easy procedure that you don't have to think about every day

Disadvantages: It doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections, and your periods might change to become lighter or heavier.

> Read more about the implant

 

The Pill

There are two types of pill – Combined and Progestogen-only, which are both over 99% effective. They contain either oestrogen and progestogen (combined) or only progestogen.

Advantages: You don’t have to think about contraception at time of intercourse

Disadvantages: You have to remember to take it and it doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections

> Read more about the pill

 

Contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera)

The contraceptive injection is an injection of progestogen. It is over 99% effective.

Advantages: Lasts for 8-12 weeks and you don’t have to think about taking something every day.

Disadvantages: It can’t be removed from the body so side effects could continue while it works and it doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about the contraceptive injection

 

patch The Contraceptive Patch

The patch is a small, thin, beige coloured patch, nearly 5cm x 5cm in size. You stick it on your skin and it releases hormones. It is 99% effective.

Advantages: You only have to remember to change the patch once a week

Disadvantages: It may cause skin irritation in some women and it doesn’t protect you against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about the contraceptive patch

 

iudIUS and IUD (Coil)

The coil is a plastic, t-shaped devise placed into the womb. It's over 99% effective.

Advantages: You don’t have to think about it every day. It is a long term method that can work for up to 5 years.

Disadvantages: Sometimes there can be irregular bleeding or spotting for the first 6 months of having an IUS. It doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about the coil

 

Condoms

Condoms are made from thin latex or polyurethane (thin rubber material) and lubricated with a water-based lubricant. Used properly condoms are 98% effective.

Advantages: Helps protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections AND pregnancy

Disadvantages: They rely on the user at a time of high excitement and might not be put on properly

> Read more about condoms

 

Female Condom

Female condoms are made from thin polyurethane (thin rubber material) and lubricated. The difference between a male and female condom is that the female condom is inserted into the vagina before sex. It is 95% effective.

Advantages: Helps protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections AND pregnancy

Disadvantages: Can be tricky to use

> Read more about female condoms

 

ringContraceptive Vaginal Ring

Vaginal rings are a flexible, transparent, plastic ring (54mm diameter and 4mm width). It is placed inside the vagina and releases a constant dose of hormones. It is over 99% effective.

Advantages: You don’t have to think about it everyday – one ring stays in for 3 weeks and it doesn’t interrupt sex

Disadvantages: Some women many not feel comfortable inserting and removing it, and it doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about vaginal rings

 

capsDiaphragms/Caps with spermicide

They are made of flexible latex (rubber) or silicone to fit inside your vagina and cover your cervix. They are 92 - 96% effective.

Advantages: Can be put in anytime before sex. You only have to use it when you have sex.

Disadvantages: Putting it in can interrupt sex and it doesn’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about diaphragms and caps

 

Female and Male Sterilisation

Sterilisation involves permanently cutting, sealing or blocking tubes in men or women. The failure rate of female sterilisation is 1 in 200. The failure rate for male sterilisation is 1 in 2000.

Advantages : Sterilisation is permanent with no long or short term serious side effects.

Disadvantages: Should not be chosen if you have any doubts about having children in the future and it does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about sterilisation

 

Natural Family Planning

Natural family planning is calculating when a woman is fertile to avoid conception. If used according to teaching, it can be up to 99% effective.

Advantages: No chemicals or physical products means no physical side effects.

Disadvantages: Need to avoid sex or use a male or female condom at fertile times of the cycle and it does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Infections.

> Read more about natural family planning

 

pillEmergency Contraception

There are two methods of emergency contraception:

A tablet known as emergency hormonal contraception that works within 3 days (72 hours) after sex (but it is more effective the sooner you take it).

The emergency IUD (also known as the copper coil), which can be used up to 5 days after sex and is the most effective. After this, the IUD will protect you from pregnancy up to 5 – 10 years.

> Read more about emergency contraception